Design in the Procedural Era
After few decades since the creation of the first CAD system in 1960, in the 90s digital design was already good and powerful enough to be used in almost any design discipline, soon becoming vital in architecture, engineering, industrial and product design.
The extensive use of digital design technologies led to a passionate debate (still ongoing) on the uniqueness of design, due to the ease with which a design can be replicated. Moreover, at the beginning of this century, digital fabrication technologies were already available to the small production, so that even the craft design in small series began to lose its character of uniqueness.
Over the last ten years, a new phenomenon has grown to become a trendsetter: computational design.
This time, the very meaning of design is at stake!
We should educate our students and researchers according to the dictates of the project culture, so that they can learn how to integrate such new technologies and methods within the design process, thus becoming able to avoid the technological drift effect.