The dome of the Sports Palace of Mexico City, simulation of the structure by the parametrization of the components of different proposals.
Edwin González, Giancarlo Di Marco
The Sports Palace in Mexico City is a turning point in the design and construction of laminar shells, determining the transition from reinforced concrete to metallic grid structures. Félix Candela had observed that the use of concrete in the design of laminar structures was a limit for achieving great spans for sports spaces, so together with the architects Antonio Peyrí and Enrique Castañeda he designed a dome by building a three-directional grid of 5-meters-high arches. However, in the original architectural conception, a lighter tensegrity structure was proposed, with the idea to use high-strength cables in the upper and lower beams with a section height of only 2.5 meters.
In this article, two different proposals will be analyzed using advanced NURBS modeling techniques with Rhinoceros and parametric design with Grasshopper. Tessellation and paneling plugins, forces simulation and finite elements analysis tools together with form-finding techniques will be used to generate different grids and to compare the results under normal design conditions.